Public-Private Partnerships (PPP)

Contractual arrangements for providing a public asset or service, in which a private party bears significant risk as well as management and operational responsibility.

Traditional Public Investment (TPI)

Contractual arrangement for providing a public asset or service, in which the procuring authority retains the majority of the risk and budgetary resources are directly allocated to fund and finance the project.

Global Average


Our reports present the key findings from our benchmarking exercise, highlighting good regulatory practices to prepare, procure and manage large infrastructure projects.

Benchmarking Infrastructure Development 2020

Benchmarking Infrastructure Development 2020 builds on the success of the Procuring Infrastructure PPPs 2018, which focused specifically on PPPs. It updates the assessment for PPPs in 140 economies and expands its thematic coverage to include the assessment of TPIs in 40 pilot economies.